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Wei Chen,Di Wang,Shaoyong Ke,Yangrong Cao,Wensheng Xiang,Xiaoli Guo & Qing Yang.A soybean cyst nematode suppresses microbial plant symbionts using a lipochitooligosaccharide-hydrolysing enzyme.

文章来源:Nature Microbiology        点击数: 次      发布时间:2024-06-18

Nature Microbiology  ,17 June 2024


Abstract

Cyst nematodes are the most damaging species of plant-parasitic nematodes. They antagonize the colonization of beneficial microbial symbionts that are important for nutrient acquisition of plants. The molecular mechanism of the antagonism, however, remains elusive. Here, through biochemical combined with structural analysis, we reveal that  Heterodera glycines , the most notorious soybean cyst nematode, suppresses symbiosis by secreting an enzyme named HgCht2 to hydrolyse the key symbiotic signalling molecules, lipochitooligosaccharides (LCOs). We solved the three-dimensional structures of apo HgCht2, as well as its chitooligosaccharide-bound and LCO-bound forms. These structures elucidated the substrate binding and hydrolysing mechanism of the enzyme. We designed an HgCht2 inhibitor, 1516b, which successfully suppresses the antagonism of cyst nematodes towards nitrogen-fixing rhizobia and phosphorus-absorbing arbuscular mycorrhizal symbioses. As HgCht2 is phylogenetically conserved across all cyst nematodes, our study revealed a molecular mechanism by which parasitic cyst nematodes antagonize the establishment of microbial symbiosis and provided a small-molecule solution.


Nature Microbiology , IF=28.3

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41564-024-01727-5 







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